What is high-fructose corn syrup?

Nutrition and Wellness   >   Soft drinks and health effects   >   What is high fructose corn syrup?

HFCS (high-fructose corn syrup) are corp syrups which have been processed with enzymes to convert some of the glucose present in them into fructose.

In UK high-fructose corn syrup is called as glucose-fructose syrup and in Canada it is called as glucose/fructose. In United States HFCS is typically used as sugar substitute in the consumer products due to lower prices than imported beet/cane sugar.

Lower corn production costs, subsidies for corn production and import tariff on imported sugar from foreign countries have made this corn syrup cost effective for food sweetening in U.S.

Maize kernels
Maize (corn) kernels

In 1976 FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration), had classified HFCS as “generally recognized as safe (GRAS)”. Most of the processed foods, beverages, soft drinks, breads, cereal preparations and fast foods in U.S. use  corn syrup for imparting sweetness.

There are gradation in  corn syrup as HFCS 42, HFCS 55 and HFCS 90 in which the number informs us the percentage of fructose in the syrup. HFCS 42, containing 42% fructose and 53% glucose is used primarily in baked products and foods.

D-Fructose vs. D-Glucose structural formulae
D-Fructose vs. D-Glucose structural formulae

HFCS 55, containing 55% fructose and 42% glucose is primarily used in soft drinks. High-fructose corn syrup 90, containing 90% fructose and 10% glucose has use in some speciality preparations and is blended with HFCS 42 for making HFCS 55.

Popular topics on Nutrition, Health & Wellness:

Baby teething age

Natal teeth – Neonatal teeth

Primary teeth – Milk teeth

Baby teething rash on face

Does teething cause fever or diarrhea?

Major diseases caused by smoking cigarettes

What is malaria disease?

What is Ebola virus disease (EVD)?

Marburg virus disease (MVD)

Leptospirosis in humans (Weil’s disease)

Baby teething – An overview

Lysosomal storage disorders

Loneliness and elderly health

Pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain

Chronic low back pain

Coping with dry skin in winter

1.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ab_food_06.jpg
Image author: Andrew Butko
Image license: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en
2.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:D-Fructose_vs._D-Glucose_Structural_Formulae_V.1.svg
Image author: Jü
Image license: https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/deed.en

Current topic in Nutrition, Health & Wellness:  What is high fructose corn syrup?

2 Replies to “What is high-fructose corn syrup?”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *