Raspberry is a fruit of plants belonging to the genus Rubus (bramble) in family Rosaceae. Though raspberry is commonly called “berry”, it is a small drupe, rather drupelet, containing a single seed. It is high in nutrients and antioxidants and is low in calories.
The raspberry is an aggregate of a number of drupelets. It is an aggregate fruit, consisting of several separate carpels of one apocarpous gynoecium. When it is ripe, it comes off receptacle and has a hollow core. When ripe it also turns deep red, purple, pink or black.
There are several species under these plants and several commercial cultivars have been evolved. There are also several hybrids. The white to pink flowers produce juicy red, purple, black, orange and pale yellow drupelets.
An individual raspberry may weigh 2-5 g and consist of hundred drupelets. The individual plant may produce several hundred drupelets. The leaves are dried and used to make herbal products and tea.
The raspberry is often eaten fresh, with cream or ice cream, as a dessert fruit. Jam and jellies made from it are used as pastry fillings. It is also processed into individually quick frozen (IQF) fruit, purée, juice, or dried.
Nutrition facts of raspberry fruit: 100 g of fruit contains 52 calories of energy, 6.5 g of dietary fiber, 12.0 g of carbohydrates, 0.65g of total fats, 85.75 g of water and 1.20 g of proteins.
Raspberry fruit presents high polyphenolic phytochemicals, which have a high antioxidant activity and may act as a protectant against biological oxidative stress. The flavonoid, anthocyanin pigment, gives it its characteristic red, purple color.
Purple raspberry fruit hybrid
Different species of raspberry plants
1.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Raspberries05.jpg
Image author: Fir0002/Flagstaffotos
Image license: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/
2.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Raspberries,_fruit_of_four_species.jpg
Image author: Nadiatalent
Image license: Public domain
3.Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Himbeere_(Rubus_idaeus)_IMG_7756.JPG
Image author: Hedwig Storch
Image license: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en