Beetroot and beet sugar

Home   >   High fructose corn syrup production   >   Beetroot and beet sugar

Sugar beet or beetroot plant is a cultivated plant whose root and bulb contains a high concentration of sucrose. Sugar beet belong to Chenopodiaceae family and genus Beta and species vulgaris.

There are numerous cultivated varieties of this species including leafy vegetables like chard and spinach beet, root vegetables like sugar beet and fodder-crops like mangelwurzel. Beet sugar is obtained from this plant and the European Union, Russia and the United States are three largest producers in the world.

Beetroot (Sugar beet)
Beetroot (Sugar beet)

In the world sugar production, beet sugar accounts for more than 30%. This plant is hardy and is a biennial plant cultivated widely in temperate regions of the world. In the first growing season, the plant produces large storage root and in the second growing season, the plant puts out flowers and seeds utilizing the stored nutrients in the tuber.

For being useful for production of sucrose, the plant must be harvested by the end of first growth when it is full of sucrose. Plants tolerating tropical and subtropical weather have been developed and are being introduced in tropical areas.

Beetroot plant
Beetroot plant

Though sugar beet was known to man for thousands of years, its history of use in production of sucrose is recent, dating back to 18th century. After harvest, the produce is hauled to processing plants.

At the processing plants the produce is washed well and mechanically cut into thin slices (called cossettes). Countercurrent exchange method is employed to extract sugar from the cossettes, and the raw juice is collected in storage tanks. The pulp is pressed in screw presses to extract some more sugar juice.

Beetroot harvesting
Beetroot harvesting

Then the impurities are precipitated and bacterial action is controlled by addition of lime water and passing of carbon dioxide. The supernatant fluid called thin fluid is evaporated to get thick fluid (60% sucrose). Then this fluid is crystallized by an elaborate process to get crystalline beetroot sugar.

Popular posts in Nutrition, Health & Wellness:

Orange fruit nutrition facts

Potential child hazards at home

Causes of sensitive teeth

Papaya fruit nutrition facts

Exercise in summer heat

Frequent daily headaches

Mango fruit nutrition facts

Yo-yo effect

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) benefits and risks

Peach fruit nutrition facts

Aspirin for cancer prevention

Health benefits of barley grass juice

Plum fruit nutrition facts

Health benefits of celery juice

Back pain from heavy backpacks

Images of beetroot and beet sugar
1.Image source:
Image author: USDA
Image license: Public domain
2.Image source:
Image author: 4028mdk09
Image license:
3.Image source:
Image author: 4028mdk09
Image license:

Current topic in Nutrition, Health & Wellness: Beet sugar and beetroot.

One Reply to “Beetroot and beet sugar”

  1. Quizzes Mirkovich says:

    I have been browsing online more than 2 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. Nice post on beetroots

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *